(September 26, 1889 – May 26, 1976)
He was a German philosopher, considered the greatest exponent of ontological and phenomenological existentialism, even though he himself rejected this latter label.
In “Being and Time” (1927), Heidegger addresses the meaning of “being” by considering the question, “what is common to all entities that makes them entities?” Heidegger approaches this question through an analysis of Dasein, his term for the specific type of being that humans possess, and which he associates closely with his concept of “being-in-the-world” (In-der-Welt-sein). This conception of the human is in contrast with that of Rationalist thinkers like René Descartes, who had understood human existence most basically as thinking, as in Cogito ergo sum (‘I think therefore I am’).
Heidegger’s later work includes criticism of the view, common in the Western tradition, that all of Nature is a “standing reserve” on call for human purposes.
Building, dwelling, thinking.
In 1975 the architecture magazine “Lotus International Architecture” published Martin Heidegger’s famous conference “Building, dwelling, thinking” held in 1951 on the occasion of the Darmstadt conference. Heidegger directly deals with the relationship between building and its foundation, that is, living as a being of men on earth and under the sky. All this moves from the 4 units, earth and sky, mortal and immortal, which are for him the foundation of living as of building, but he also speaks of the “place” and how it is revealed through the built. Heidegger’s reflection moves from the statement that “dwelling is the purpose of building”.
According to the philosopher “Ich bin, I am, it belongs to the same root as” Bauen “, that is, living coincides with being, it also means protecting, being on earth but also building, since staying in freedom, that is, staying on earth, under the sky”.
For Heiddeger, building does not move from space but is formed by building a place that gives meaning to the surrounding space.
Source: Building dwelling thinking – Martin Heidegger – Presentation by Vittorio Gregotti